ACFIM Reports

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NDI in partnership with ACFIM organized a press conference on 20th January 2014 at Hotel Africana. The press conference was about a survey that was conducted by NDI among members of Parliament of Uganda to find out their knowledge and perceptions on the commercialization of Uganda’s political culture. The report  titled Who Pays the Piper is as below:

 

 

Who Pays the Piper…Alliance for Campaign Finance Monitoring:MP Survey on Commercialization of PoliticsJanuary 2015

Table of Contents

MP SURVEY (Money and Politics). 4

  1. a) Background. 4
  2. b) Findings. 5

CONSTITUENT CONTACT. 5

When constituents contact their MP, they can say or ask for many different things. Of the following types of communication, which one do you receive most frequently? (Read all Options). 5

In a week, out of every 10 people from your constituency that contact you in your capacity as an MP, how many asked you to support them financially for personal needs? Write number ___________ out of 10. 5

COST OF CONSTIUENCY DEMAND.. 6

MPs have told us that visiting their constituency can be very expensive as they are often asked by constituents to assist them financially. Thinking about the last time you visited your constituency, how much did it cost you to provide personal financial support to your constituents? (-7 RF, -8 NA, -9 DK, -10 if they say “I don’t give money for personal financial needs skip =>7). 6

[If respondent provides an amount given] Was this higher than normal, the average or a smaller amount that it costs you to assist your constituents’ personal financial needs?. 6

MPs have also told us that they are often asked to contribute to the costs of buildings, like churches or mosques and communal services like boreholes, schools and health facilities. How often in the past year have you been asked to contribute to the cost of: Churches, mosques and other communal but privately owned buildings or services? (Read all options). 7

Thinking about these contributions, please could you estimate how much you have contributed to request for donations to build Church buildings or mosques and other communal but privately owned buildings in the past year?. 8

How often in the past year have you been asked to contribute to the cost of: Communal services that should be the responsibility of Government such as ambulances, boreholes, feeder roads, bridge repairs, public schools or health facilities? Read all options. [If never Skip to QC 11]. 9

Please could you estimate how much you have contributed to requests for donations for Communal services that should be the responsibility of Government such as ambulances, boreholes, feeder roads, bridge repairs, public schools or health facilities?. 10

We know that citizens make many demands for MPs to help pay expenses such as school fees, medical bills, and other things, and that it can get expensive for MPs. In your opinion which of the following two statements do you agree with MORE?. 11

REFORM… 12

There have been reports that some MPs have borrowed too much money from the banks and/or money lenders and that this has made them heavily indebted, in your opinion which of the following statements do you agree with MORE?. 12

 

MP SURVEY (Money and Politics)

a) Background

Alliance for Election Campaign Finance Monitoring (ACFIM) partnered with the National Democratic Institute (NDI) to conduct a survey of Members of Parliament to find out their knowledge and perceptions of the commercialization of Uganda’s political culture. The survey targeted all directly elected MPs excluding the all ministers (74), Youth MPs (5), Representatives of special groups and other Ex-officio (26) providing a target population of 275 MPs representing 72% of all MPs. NDI surveyed 146 (53.1%) of the target population. Surveys were conducted by telephone between 14th November and 18th December. The survey took a maximum of 23 and minimum of 17 Minutes per MP.  The survey is representative of the target population at a 95.5% confidence level with a margin of error of 1.5%.

SURVEY SUMMARY
STATUS REASON FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
Successful MPs that successfully completed the survey 146 53.1%
Refused Survey Dodging, Rescheduling and never honored their appointment, Busy for various reasons, asked for email Survey or office visits. 91 33.1%
MPs Not Reached MPs whose telephone Numbers were not available on several attempts and those who completely never picked their phones. This also includes MPs who were Sick and those out of the Country at time of survey 34 12.4%
Incomplete Surveys MPs who hang up or were lost in the middle of the survey and/or refused to complete the survey 4 1.5%
Total   275 100%

 

 

b) Findings

CONSTITUENT CONTACT

When constituents contact their MP, they can say or ask for many different things. Of the following types of communication, which one do you receive most frequently? (Read all Options)

Constituents’ Communication MP_Mandate Political_Affiliation Region Total
Constituent MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Opinions Count 3 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 3
Col% 2.9% 0.0% 5.9% 0.0% 2.1% 2.9% 3.4% 0.0% 2.0% 2.1%
Requests for Action Count 94 43 16 29 92 32 28 32 45 137
Col% 92.2% 97.7% 94.1% 90.6% 94.8% 94.1% 96.6% 94.1% 91.8% 93.8%
Requests for Information Count 5 1 0 3 3 1 0 2 3 6
Col% 4.9% 2.3% 0.0% 9.4% 3.1% 2.9% 0.0% 5.9% 6.1% 4.1%
Total Count 102 44 17 32 97 34 29 34 49 146
% of Total 69.9% 30.1% 11.6% 21.9% 66.4% 23.3% 19.9% 23.3% 33.6% 100.0%

In a week, out of every 10 people from your constituency that contact you in your capacity as an MP, how many asked you to support them financially for personal needs? Write number ___________ out of 10

N Range Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation
Constituent Contact 146 9 1 10 7.63 1.926
Valid N (listwise) 146

 

COST OF CONSTIUENCY DEMAND

MPs have told us that visiting their constituency can be very expensive as they are often asked by constituents to assist them financially. Thinking about the last time you visited your constituency, how much did it cost you to provide personal financial support to your constituents? (-7 RF, -8 NA, -9 DK, -10 if they say “I don’t give money for personal financial needs skip =>7)

[If respondent provides an amount given] Was this higher than normal, the average or a smaller amount that it costs you to assist your constituents’ personal financial needs?

[If Higher or lower] What would you estimate to be the average amount that you might spend on constituents personal needs when you visit your constituency?( -7 RF, -8 NA, -9 DK )

N Range Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation
Personal Need Expenditure 125 99900000 UGX100,000 UGX100,000,000 UGX4,682,048.00 9735513.991
Valid N (listwise) 125

 

Average MP expenditure for personal needs per constituency visit

MP Mandate Political Affiliation Region Total
Const MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Mean   5,200,651   3,538,462   4,553,333   2,746,154   5,304,238   4,523,077   4,695,652   2,465,517   6,130,979   4,682,048
N 86 39 15 26 84 26 23 29 47 125

MPs have also told us that they are often asked to contribute to the costs of buildings, like churches or mosques and communal services like boreholes, schools and health facilities. How often in the past year have you been asked to contribute to the cost of: Churches, mosques and other communal but privately owned buildings or services? (Read all options)

Privately Owned Expend MP_Mandate Political_Affiliation Region Total
Constituent MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Often Count 87 42 14 27 88 32 25 27 45 129
Col% 85.3% 95.5% 82.4% 84.4% 90.7% 94.1% 86.2% 79.4% 91.8% 88.4%
Some times Count 11 2 2 3 8 0 4 5 4 13
Col% 10.8% 4.5% 11.8% 9.4% 8.2% 0.0% 13.8% 14.7% 8.2% 8.9%
Rarely Count 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Col% 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 3.1% 0.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% .7%
Never Count 3 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 3
Col% 2.9% 0.0% 5.9% 3.1% 1.0% 2.9% 0.0% 5.9% 0.0% 2.1%
Total Count 102 44 17 32 97 34 29 34 49 146
% of Total 69.9% 30.1% 11.6% 21.9% 66.4% 23.3% 19.9% 23.3% 33.6% 100.0%

 

Thinking about these contributions, please could you estimate how much you have contributed to request for donations to build Church buildings or mosques and other communal but privately owned buildings in the past year?

 

Descriptive Statistics
N Range Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation
Amount Privately Owned Expend 126 299600000 400,000 300,000,000 36,708,730.16 46147717.638
Valid N (listwise) 126
MP Mandate Political Affiliation Region Total
Const MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Mean   42,890,805      22,917,949  72,893,333   24,820,000   33,853,488  37,370,370   35,770,833   20,444,444   45,954,167   36,708,730
N 87 39 15 25 86 27 24 27 48 126

 

How often in the past year have you been asked to contribute to the cost of: Communal services that should be the responsibility of Government such as ambulances, boreholes, feeder roads, bridge repairs, public schools or health facilities? Read all options. [If never Skip to QC 11]

Gov Owned Expend MP_Mandate Political_Affiliation Total Region Total
Constituent MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Often Count 82 31 15 21 77 113 29 24 19 41 113
Col% 80.4% 70.5% 88.2% 65.6% 79.4% 77.4% 85.3% 82.8% 55.9% 83.7% 77.4%
Some times Count 9 6 1 4 10 15 2 2 5 6 15
Col% 8.8% 13.6% 5.9% 12.5% 10.3% 10.3% 5.9% 6.9% 14.7% 12.2% 10.3%
Rarely Count 4 4 1 4 3 8 1 1 4 2 8
Col% 3.9% 9.1% 5.9% 12.5% 3.1% 5.5% 2.9% 3.4% 11.8% 4.1% 5.5%
Never Count 7 3 0 3 7 10 2 2 6 0 10
Col% 6.9% 6.8% 0.0% 9.4% 7.2% 6.8% 5.9% 6.9% 17.6% 0.0% 6.8%
Total Count 102 44 17 32 97 146 34 29 34 49 146
% of Total 69.9% 30.1% 11.6% 21.9% 66.4% 100.0% 23.3% 19.9% 23.3% 33.6% 100.0%

 

Please could you estimate how much you have contributed to requests for donations for Communal services that should be the responsibility of Government such as ambulances, boreholes, feeder roads, bridge repairs, public schools or health facilities?

Descriptive Statistics (UGX)
N Range Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation
Amount Govt Owned Expend 116 249800000 200,000 250,000,000 38,323,275.86 51543213.373
Valid N (listwise) 116

 

Average expenditure on communal but Government responsibility goods (UGX)

MP Mandate Political Affiliation Region Total
Const MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Mean   47,538,750   17,844,444     85,600,000   25,772,727   32,841,772   43,676,000   60,937,500   22,178,261   31,386,364   38,323,276
N 80 36 15 22 79 25 24 23 44 116

 

 We know that citizens make many demands for MPs to help pay expenses such as school fees, medical bills, and other things, and that it can get expensive for MPs. In your opinion which of the following two statements do you agree with MORE?

Statement 1: Paying citizens’ personal expenses such as school fees is not part of my responsibility as an MP and I should not.

Statement 2: Paying citizens’ personal expenses is not part of my responsibility, but because everyone expects that, I must engage in it.

Responsibility Personal Needs MP_Mandate Political_Affiliation Region Total
Constituent MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Agree Very Strongly With Statement 1 Count 15 7 4 7 11 6 5 5 6 22
Col% 14.7% 15.9% 23.5% 21.9% 11.3% 17.6% 17.2% 14.7% 12.2% 15.1%
Agree With Statement 1 Count 5 4 0 3 6 2 2 3 2 9
Col% 4.9% 9.1% 0.0% 9.4% 6.2% 5.9% 6.9% 8.8% 4.1% 6.2%
Agree Very Strongly With Statement 2 Count 48 21 6 13 50 13 15 12 29 69
Col% 47.1% 47.7% 35.3% 40.6% 51.5% 38.2% 51.7% 35.3% 59.2% 47.3%
Agree With Statement 2 Count 27 10 6 8 23 11 6 11 9 37
Col% 26.5% 22.7% 35.3% 25.0% 23.7% 32.4% 20.7% 32.4% 18.4% 25.3%
Agree with neither Count 7 2 1 1 7 2 1 3 3 9
Col% 6.9% 4.5% 5.9% 3.1% 7.2% 5.9% 3.4% 8.8% 6.1% 6.2%
Total Count 102 44 17 32 97 34 29 34 49 146
% of Total 69.9% 30.1% 11.6% 21.9% 66.4% 23.3% 19.9% 23.3% 33.6% 100.0%

 

REFORM

There have been reports that some MPs have borrowed too much money from the banks and/or money lenders and that this has made them heavily indebted, in your opinion which of the following statements do you agree with MORE?

Statement 1: MPs should be free to borrow ANY AMOUNT from any bank and/or money lender and authorize deductions from their parliamentary salary and allowances to guarantee repayment of the loan.

Statement 2: The parliament should strictly LIMIT how much an MP may borrow and agree to be deducted from their parliamentary salary and allowances to guarantee repayment of their loan.

Regulate Borrowing MP_Mandate Political_Affiliation Region Total
Constituent MP DWR Independent Opposition Ruling Central East North West
Agree Very Strongly With Statement 1 Count 23 6 4 6 19 4 5 5 15 29
Col% 22.5% 13.6% 23.5% 18.8% 19.6% 11.8% 17.2% 14.7% 30.6% 19.9%
Agree With Statement 1 Count 6 4 2 3 5 4 3 2 1 10
Col% 5.9% 9.1% 11.8% 9.4% 5.2% 11.8% 10.3% 5.9% 2.0% 6.8%
Agree With Statement 2 Count 16 6 2 2 18 7 3 4 8 22
Col% 15.7% 13.6% 11.8% 6.3% 18.6% 20.6% 10.3% 11.8% 16.3% 15.1%
Agree Very Strongly With Statement 2 Count 47 28 8 17 50 18 17 19 21 75
Col% 46.1% 63.6% 47.1% 53.1% 51.5% 52.9% 58.6% 55.9% 42.9% 51.4%
Agree with neither Count 9 0 1 3 5 0 1 4 4 9
Col% 8.8% 0.0% 5.9% 9.4% 5.2% 0.0% 3.4% 11.8% 8.2% 6.2%
RF Count 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Col% 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 3.1% 0.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% .7%
 Total Count 102 44 17 32 97 34 29 34 49 146
% of Total 69.9% 30.1% 11.6% 21.9% 66.4% 23.3% 19.9% 23.3% 33.6% 100.0%